commonly known as cilantro is a powerful herb which has many health benefits.
Its sweet-smelling aroma is transmitted by its tender green fruits, and when
ripe, turn a brownish yellow. It's originating in the Mediterranean region. It
is extensively cultivated in Europe , North Africa
, India , South
America , Malaysia
, Thailand and China . It
thrives in black soil and arid regions. Coriander is rich in various food
Types of Coriander: coriander is broadly divided into two types according
to the size of the fruit.
Large seeded (fruited):
Large seeded coriander (seed diameter three to five mm) is grown as a
spring crop in northern temperate climates, or as a winter crop in areas with a
Mediterranean climate. It grows to a height of approximately 0.6 m (two ft.),
and has a growing season requirement of approximately 100-110 days.
Small seeded: Small seeded
coriander is produced mainly in more moderate temperature zones. It has a
longer growing season requirement of approximately 115-120 days. Small seeded
coriander is somewhat taller, approximately one meter (three ft.), and contains
more essential oil. Immature seedlings of small seeded coriander (cilantro) are
harvested as a spicy addition to salads or for flavoring of meats, soups and